Tends to defoliate in fall before species see betula pendula jacobson 1996 writes that b. Here the effect of planting density on branch development was examined in a five yearold plantation of betula alnoides with six planting. Betula alnoides is a fastgrowing valuable indigenous tree species with multiple uses in the tropical and warm subtropical regions in southeast. An betula alnoides in nahilalakip ha genus nga betula, ngan familia nga betulaceae.
Watson2 introduction a north american native, heritage river birch can grow 50 to 80 feet tall but is often seen at 40 to 50 feet fig. Betula utilis indian paper birch, whitebarked himilayan birch. Betula pendula european birch page 3 other figure 3. This page was last edited on 17 december 2019, at 16. Birch tree names pictures and types of betula species. Timber supply and demand and growth potential of fast. Usda is an equal opportunity provider and employer. It is well known as a fastgrowing, highyield tree species and has a wide adaptability to soil type, altitude and climate condition zeng et al. Pdf uses, population status and management of betula utilis. Pdf downloaden contact bestel het bomenboek deel via whatsapp. Antimalarial activity and toxicological assessment of.
Originally published in the journal blumea, it is available as a pdf on the interne. Pdf antimalarial activity and toxicological assessment of. Maximum growth occurred in the p4, p5 and p6 plants since they had the largest height, biomass, leaf area and branch number. Birch species are normally small to mediumsize trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates and boreal zones of the northern hemisphere. Pdf complete chloroplast genome sequence of betula. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. The plants database includes the following 34 species of betula. Specimens of betula have been examined at a, gh, le, mo, ny, and w, and i am confident that these species should be delimited. Diploid 2n 28 betula lenta sweet birch or cherry birch. The himalayan birch with many uses betula utilis the himalayan birch is native to nepal and grows at altitudes up to 4500 m in its natural habitat. Betula alnoides, 6 years old, eucalyptus grandis 5 years old, pine pinus yunnanensis, 6 years old and herbaceous crop miscanthus lutarioriparius, 1 year old according to the reported procedure. Pdf organogenesis of reproductive structures in betula. Read about civil rights at the natural resources convervation service.
We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. In china, small flat sticks were cut from sawn timber and then. The first is the interplanting of alderleaf birch betula alnoides, a native but dwindling species in south china, to enhance biodiversity and encourage its reestablishment across the landscape. Cherrybo betula alnoides belongs to the family of betulaceae. First there is a concern related to the water demand of eucalyptus, in which it is feared these large areas. This classification differs somewhat from previously published molecular phylogenies. The authors found it growing in kutkhaing township and muse. Therefore, we determined growth, nutrient concentrations and nutrient absorption and utility efficiencies of four betula alnoides clones c5, c6. Betula alnoides in world checklist of selected plant families. Fructose feeding caused significant elevations in the concentrations of plasma triglycerides, phospholipids and free fatty acids.
In contrast, a phylogenetic study based on nia suggests that it is more closely related to species of subgenus betula than b. Pdf betula alnoides betulaceae is a species widely distributed in north tropical and warm subtropical zones in southeast asia and southern china find, read and cite all the research you. Forests, ravines and streamsides, himachel pradesh to s. It is fastgrowing and adaptable to a wide range of soil type, altitude and climate conditions zeng et al. The tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 5 25 m 16 82 ft high. Betula alnoides is a valuable deciduous tree species mainly distributed in southeast asia and southern china. We do not use these to store personal information about you. Visual foliar symptoms, growth performance, pigment compositions and nutrient interaction of birch seedlings in response to six macronutrient deficiencies were studied. Birch betula platyphylla is one of the most extensively distributed broadleaf species in the northern and southwestern forested areas of china. The active constituents of betula utilis obtained from the plant shows anticancer, antiinflammatory, anti hiv, antioxidant and antibacterial activity. Variation analysis of physiological traits in betula. It has been proved to be tetraploid in most parts of its distribution in china. Inner bark can be dried, then ground into a powder and added to flour for use in making bread, cakes etc. Chinas growing economy and changes in policies that encourage afforestation, particularly in the industrial sector, have led vast areas in south china to be planted with eucalyptus.
All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Betula pendula are rapidly growing, undemanding trees, which after about 50 years have reached their final height of about 25 meters 82 ft. While studying material for the new flora of china 1999, the authors noticed deficiency and inadequacy in the infrageneric systematics of the genus betula. Pdf studies on the antiinflammatory activity ofbetula alnoides bark. Visual foliar symptoms were most obvious in no nitrogen n, no potassium k and no magnesium mg. Don is an accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species in the genus betula family betulaceae. The antiobesity effect of betula alnoides bark extract babe on plasma lipids in male wistar rats fed a fructoserich diet 63%ww was investigated. The margin is doubly serrated, but the subserration is so large it may often be. Decaploid 10n 140 betula austrosinensis south china birch. Hexaploid 6n 84 betula allegheniensis yellow birch b. Vegetation loss and ecosystem disturbances on kedargad. Organogenesis of reproductive structures in betula alnoides betulaceae article pdf available in international journal of plant sciences 1716. Pdf betula utilis a potential herbal medicine researchgate.
Leaves often glandular punctate abaxially, usually serrate or dentate, rarely lobulate. Don is a valuable deciduous tree species mainly distributed in southeast asia and south china. Antiobesity effect of betula alnoides bark extract. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 219 with original publication details. Antimalarial activity and toxicological assessment of betula alnoides extract against plasmodium berghei infections in mice. The republic of th e union o f myanmar ministry of. Pdf antimalarial activity and toxicological assessment. Inner bark is generally only seen as a famine food, used when other forms of. Male inflorescence pendulous, elongate, cylindric, with numerous.
The decline in seedling quality and production of birch tree betula alnoides is often associated with nutrient stress. The plant list includes a further 476 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus betula. The plant list includes 466 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus betula. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Betula alnoides is a deciduous tree with a rather open crown and slightly drooping branches, growing up to 30 metres tall.
Majority of the plant species having flowering and fruiting in rainy season, summer season is represented by lesser no. Palaung called it halahigh and chinese called it hondauksho. Inner bark is generally only seen as a famine food, used when other forms of starch are not available or are in short supply. Silver birch is found in sparse deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests and is native to almost all of europe. Foliar morphology and spatial distribution in fiveyearold. Betula alnoides pfaf plant database plants for a future. An betula alnoides in uska species han magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni buch. Bark on twigs rich in methyl salicylate oil of wintergreen.
Next generation sequencingbased molecular marker development. Previous studies on birch have focused on its breeding 35, fiber length, fungi in bark 7, 8, genetic. The above incomplete list was compiled from the references cited below. The board of trustees of the royal botanic gardens, kew. Betula alnoides is a deciduous tree growing to 40 m 1ft 3in at a fast rate. This page was last edited on 25 november 2008, at 17. Betula alnoides is a species of birch that can be found in natural condition of such countries as. The leaves, stem bark, and twigs of betula alnoides were studied. Betula alnoides is a deciduous tree with a rather open crown and slightly. Pdf the antiinflammatory activity of betula alnoides extract was evaluated in acute and subacute inflammation models.
Branch occlusion and discoloration of betula alnoides under. The tree likes sun to halfshade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry moist. The species is monoecious individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant and is pollinated by wind. A taxonomic revision of birches a botanical magazine monograph. Supporting information for american chemical society. Here the effect of planting density on branch development was examined in a fiveyearold plantation of betula alnoides with six planting. Therefore, the present study aimed at evaluating the antimalarial activity and toxicity of an aqueous stem extract of b. A new classification of betula has recently been proposed based on morphological characters.
Mitigating biodiversity concerns in eucalyptus plantations. Betula utilis indian paper birch, whitebarked himilayan. Pages in category betula the following 53 pages are in this category, out of 53 total. Foliar morphology and spatial distribution in fiveyear. Jan 15, 2019 betula alnoides is a valuable deciduous tree species mainly distributed in southeast asia and southern china. It is in flower in april, and the seeds ripen in october. These large areas of eucalyptus plantings have elicited environmental concerns for two primary reasons.
The second is to encourage retention harvests of alderleaf birch planted within eucalyptus plantations to enhance not only biological diversity. There is no consensus at all on species limits in betula, with different authors differing wildly in what species they accept, from under 30 species, to over 60. Jun 16, 2017 the himalayan birch with many uses betula utilis the himalayan birch is native to nepal and grows at altitudes up to 4500 m in its natural habitat. Branchlets densely white villous and resinous glandular. Betula utilis is a deciduous tree growing to 20 m 65ft 7in at a fast rate.1305 226 68 1174 731 1052 1405 1353 559 1476 1102 576 377 1312 501 877 461 416 1361 479 493 1452 1323 1129 467 598 723 519 786